Chemical composition turmeric contains 4.5%, 6% volatile oil. The volatile oil contained curcumone (58%), gingeroleene (25%), hydrocurcumene (1%), 1, 8-eucalyptus (1%), cyperene (0.5%), borneol (0.5%), dehydrocurcumone (0.5%), etc. Also contains curcumin 0.3%, 1.1%, 4.8% arabinose 1.1%, fructose 12%, glucose 28%, fat oil, starch, oxalate so on.
Pharmacological action cholagogic effect
Turmeric decoction infusion can increase the secretion of bile in dogs, restore normal bile composition, increase gallbladder contraction. Its effect is weak lasting, lasting 1 ~ 2 hours. Curcumin its sodium salt is beneficial to bile, intravenous injection in dogs can reduce the content of solid components increase the amount of bile secretion, but the overall value, the amount of bile salt, bilirubin, cholesterol secretion are increased, the composition of fatty acids remain constant. Another volatile oil proposed in plants of the same genus increases bile secretion, pigments cause contraction of the gallbladder. It is a cholesterol solvent, which can be used to treat biliary calculus. 50% turmeric can stimulate appetite.
The role of the uterus
The decoction infusion of turmeric yellow turmeric (2% hydrochloric acid as solvent) showed excitatory effect on isolated uterus of mice guinea pigs, caused periodic contraction of uterine fistula in rabbits. One dose of turmeric yellow turmeric could last for 5 ~ 7 hours.
(3) antihypertensive effect
Curcumin extract has a hypotensive effect on anesthetized dogs, which is affected by atropine injection excision of the vagus nerve. If ergobium extract is injected in advance, the antihypertensive effect can be reversed to the antihypertensive effect (similar to the antihypertensive effect of coptis alkaloid), the antihypertensive effect of ether extract is very weak.
Curcumin volatile oil have good antibacterial effect on staphylococcus aureus. Turmeric water immersion has different degree of inhibition on a variety of skin fungi in vitro. Decoction can prolong the survival time of mice inoculated with the virus, but it is effective for the liver injury caused by adding chemical (carbon tetrachloride) to viral hepatitis. In addition, turmeric can kill flies.
Turmeric decoction has analgesic effect can inhibit frog heart in vitro.
Processing turmeric: pick off impurities, soak in water, scoop up, moisten slice, dry. Turmeric: pick off impurities residual roots, scrub the mud dry.
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